Greater quantities of progesterone might cause physical modifications that increases vulnerability to HIV infection

Problems that could cause swelling within the female genital tract include sexually transmitted infections (STIs, such as for instance herpes or syphilis) and certain genital conditions (such as for example microbial vaginosis or yeast conditions). Also, friction caused during sex, genital practices that are cleansing as douching, plus some lubricants causes injury resulting in swelling.

Intimately sent infections

Infection just isn’t the only reasons why having an STI can boost the chance of getting HIV. In addition, some STIs, such as for example vaginal herpes or syphilis, cause sores that could damage the epithelial layer associated with the vagina or cervix, enhancing the ability of HIV to feed the cellular liner. 4,5 Having vaginal herpes in certain has been related to a extremely risk that is high of HIV 11,12 even though you will find no sores present. 13

Bacterial vaginosis can be a infection that develops once the balance of “friendly” germs into the vagina is upset by an overgrowth of “harmful” germs bisexual anal sex. Analysis implies that microbial vaginosis may increase HIV danger by as much as 2 to 3 times as it causes infection, disturb the protective low pH of normal “friendly” bacteria, and harm the lining that is vaginal. 14,15

Hormonal alterations

Hormonal fluctuations happen obviously through the entire menstrual period, therefore it is feasible that the possibility of HIV illness may alter during the period of a female’s cycle that is menstrual. Continue reading